Circle. SLAM JAM & 2050+

AN ONGOING DIGITAL THINK-TANK ON MULTICULTURALISM, SPATIAL JUSTICE, AND THE CHANGED CLIMATIC REGIME. TAKING MILAN AS A BLUEPRINT TO INVESTIGATE PLANETARY CONDITIONS, CIRCLE INVITES CONTRIBUTIONS FROM EVERYONE, FROM EVERYWHERE. BEST ENTRIES WILL FUEL A SERIES OF ROUND TABLES WITH RELEVANT DECISION-MAKERS.

AN ONGOING DIGITAL THINK-TANK ON MULTICULTURALISM, SPATIAL JUSTICE, AND THE CHANGED CLIMATIC REGIME. TAKING MILAN AS A BLUEPRINT TO INVESTIGATE PLANETARY CONDITIONS, CIRCLE INVITES CONTRIBUTIONS FROM EVERYONE, FROM EVERYWHERE. BEST ENTRIES WILL FUEL A SERIES OF ROUND TABLES WITH RELEVANT DECISION-MAKERS.

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"Felix" is ​​a Latin word that means rich, happy, fecund, sacred land. And it’s how “ The land of fire” is called today. The story begins with toxic waste left in the countryside that burns day and night. "The land of fire" is located in the south of Italy between Caserta and Naples, a corrupt land by the Camorra already for 20 years that it’s today impossible to be reclaimed. Today malformation in that area is 89% higher than in the rest of the country. In 2064 this land will be a desert field where most of the population is going to be ill or dead premature. This project was created following a precise design method created by Nike called I.S.P.A. Improvised. Scavenge. Protect. Adapt. The idea was to create a survival kit. During the process, I realized that the condition of the place were hard to change and improve, so I decided to follow a speculative approach and I designed a wearable manifesto. A survivalism kit with mask, gloves, and a clothes cover created using colors and shapes inspired by a Nike collection. The idea of ​​the mask, for example, was that its function was to protect, but while using it was impossible to breathe inside. Because it is useless to protect oneself from unbreathable air. Through the warmth of the breath, an inscription of the poster appears on the mask, created with a dye reacting to body heat. The manifesto design is inspired by Italian obituaries. ** The project was created in 2019 during my second year at DAE and is not approved by Nike
While driving back to Milan with my dad I cannot look at “my” lake without thinking about how polluted it is. I grew up waking up every morning listening to the sound of waves crashing into the shore and birds chirping. But also knowing that not far from here there was one of the main incinerator of the north of Italy that causes so many death every year. We all know what happens here but it seems that we’re living passively in this world. I look at the territories where I grew up. The countryside where my grandparents used to live. I watch all these places being destroyed by pollution or unnecessary infrastructures, it almost seems like it’s fun for Boomers to do things for the sake of doing them without thinking about pros and cons. Brescia, where I studied before university, is one the most polluted cities in Italy, more than Milan and also because of this the pandemic has had disastrous consequences and is still one of the most affected areas but, again, it seems that no one asks what’s going on here. I look at my dad, now 70yo, and I wonder what it was like to live in a different, easier world. I ask myself how the boomers lived their 20s without thinking about anything and otherwise how we feel the weight of all the consequences that our own parents did not care about. A world of retired Boomers in the hands of underpaid and intoxicated young people all living in a world that is crumbling. The new generations have the responsibility of solving the problems created by their parents, but how? As an architecture student I wonder: where did we leave our kindness to the places where we were born and raised? Where can we find the love our grandparents had for their territories and how can we save them? Why do we let all this to be destroyed? (via @@carlottaoliosi)
Every day, nearly 20.000 posts tagged #milano are published on Instagram. Approximately 1.700 trees are necessary to compensate for the daily CO2 emission associated to this flux of data. Not to mention the amount of energy consumed by the world’s data centres – the repositories for billions of gigabytes of information – which have the same carbon footprint as the aviation industry (@the.independent, 2016). If the sum of each of our daily digital actions takes a heavy toll on the planet, many alternative strategies are out there to help us radically rethink our digital existence. An example? The “Sneakernet”, a tongue-in-cheek term that was coined by computer freaks in the 90’s to describe the transfer of electronic information, especially computer files, by physically carrying removable media such as magnetic tape, floppy disks, compact discs, USB flash drives, or external hard drives from one computer to another. Essentially, it’s the transfer of digital information manually – hence the expression, which refers to sneakers as a possible transport mechanism. Imagine you put a portable hard disk of 500 gigabytes in your backpack and start walking (10 hours per day, 5 km/h). Compared to the bandwidth of a dial-up connection, which uses a standard phone line and analog modem to access the Internet: for transferring the same amount of gigabytes, it would take 5 years. The result is clear: a hiker is always faster than a dial-up connection transferring 500 gigabytes, even if he walks until the other end of the world. But the speed of data transmission is not really the issue here. In our part of the world, where most people have access to high-speed Internet access, the value of the “Sneakernet”is to put forward an alternative system that can make data transmission less wasteful, more sustainable, and almost untraceable. (via @2050.plus)
De Magnalibus Urbis Mediolani is a proposal that consists in two superimposed cities, separated physically but depending on each other. A tridimensional fixed grid is built above the city center of Milan and it can be cladded or freed depending on specific necessities, giving life to an always different conformation of the surroundings, immersed in green areas. Life will follow natural rhythms and be based on subsistence economy, accommodating daily and season cycles. Urbanisation will be soft, characterised by the absence of roads and infrastructures, which will be limited to structures required for energy sustainability: in fact, the city is designed as a power station, able to provide enough energy to fuel itself but also the underneath city of Milan. (via @clau.cnsi)
Go out and unite. (via @cacacis)
Take a walk in your local meadows or grasslands, that’s if there are any left in your bioregion that have not been turned monocultures or shopping malls. On the way keep an eye on the roadside, especially where the land might have been disrupted by human activity. You are searching for some unexpected alien-looking visitors. […] What you are looking for are Shaggy Mane mushrooms (Coprinus comatus), they have an elongated white bullet-shaped, shaggy cap, with brownish upturned scales and a straight fairly smooth stem. What makes them alien-like is when they mature, the mushroom begins to self-destruct in a process call ‘deliquesce’. Like a scene of a sci-fi movie the cap melts away, literally auto-digesting itself and turning into a gooey black ink. Make sure you find some that are not mature, the older the less tasty. The key is to pick them and eat it quick otherwise you will see the ‘deliquesce’ in front of you. But for this recipe we keep at least one mushroom self-destruct. Coprinus comatus is considered one of the safest mushroom to eat. […] Now we are going to eat the rest before playing with the ink. Clean the mushroom by gently wiping them with a damp cloth. Slice lengthwise. Melt butter in a skillet over medium-low heat. Fry mushroom and shallot pieces gently, sprinkling them with a little salt to draw out more moisture. Begin beating the eggs. Pour them in when the mushrooms have browned. Continue as you would with an omelette, flipping the eggs over and eventually finding them with cheese inside. Now put the inky goo into a bowl of water and add some pure molasses. Put a tea spoon of salt into the inhibit bacteria. Thousand of spores will release into the mixture. These will potentially multiply and you will see the water become cloudy and white puffs of beautifully intricate structure may grow on the surface. After few days pour your misture onto a bed of 50 percent sawdust, 50 percent grass and leaves. Then at night take this little packet out to the nearest site of earth destruction, this might be where they want to built a motorway, an airport, a shopping mall. Place your little packet the ground and melt into the night. Despite its frail appearance, C. comatus can generate enough power to perform one of nature’s most astonishing weightlifting acts. Emerging fruit can burst through asphalt lifting it into the air and fracturing it. The cells of the underground mycelium absorb water, turning the stalk into a vertical hydraulic ram. By the laboratory of insurrectionary imagination. (via @fralantieri)
We expand on a design element of an introduced species impacting Milanese ecologies and culture, the Flamingo. Palazzo Invernizzi Via Cappuccini, 7, 20122 Milano MI, Italy Villa Invernizzi is located between corso Venezia and via Cappuccini. A dozen of these rare birds live in the grounds of the Palazzo, all born in captivity from ancestors imported from Chile and Africa, before the Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species became enforced in Italy in 1980. Flamingos are filter feeders, and in that respect resemble whales and oysters more than they do most birds. Many complex rows of horny plates line their beaks, plates that, like those of baleen whales, are used to strain food items from the water. The filter of the Greater Flamingo traps crustaceans, mollusks, and insects an inch or so long. The Lesser Flamingo has such a dense filter that it can sift out single-celled plants less than two hundredths of an inch in diameter. Flamingos feed with their heads down, and their bills are adapted accordingly. In most birds a smaller lower beak works against a larger upper one. In flamingos this is reversed; the lower bill is much larger and stronger, and the fat tongue runs within the bill's deep central groove. To complete the jaw reversal, unlike other birds (and mammals) the upper jaw is not rigidly fixed to the skull. Consequently, with the bird's head upside down during feeding the upper bill moves up and down, permitting the flamingo's jaws to work "normally." Part of the flamingo's filter feeding is accomplished simply by swinging the head back and forth and letting the water flow through the bill. The tongue also can be used as a pump to pass water through the bill's strainer more efficiently. It moves quickly fore and aft in its groove, sucking water in through the filter as it pulls backward, and expelling it from the beak as it pushes forward. The tongue may repeat its cycle up to four times a second. The flamingo's marvellously adapted tongue almost became its downfall. Roman emperors considered it a delicacy and were served flamingo tongues in a dish that also included pheasant brains, parrotfish livers, and lamprey guts. Roman poets decried the slaughter of the magnificent birds for their tongues (much as early American conservationists lamented the slaughter of bison for theirs). Roman poet Marcus wrote: My red wing gives me my name, but epicures regard my tongue as tasty. But what if my tongue could sing? (via @@deep.energies)
FLUIDSPECIES is a speculative visualization that reflects on our condition as “humans” and “individuals” in relation to the living, aiming to change our perception around the species that inhabit this planet. Until the Anthropocene, in fact, *men had placed themselves above the other beings, perhaps deceived by their own inability to perceive the invisible. What no eye was able to see. Bacteria, viruses, protozoa and millions of other microorganisms - ubiquitous and immanent, closer to Gods than animals indeed - divinities that continuously move in a perpetual osmotic flow, dwelling from space to space, from body to body, triggering and guiding our deeper instincts. FLUIDSPECIES reveals to the self that our Olympus - the human body - is nothing more than a temple, capable of hosting millions of these life forms, that we share together with the infinite Hologenetic Pantheon. Starting from the realization of this new paradigma, we no longer conceive an individual identity, but we now recognize ourselves in a collective identity, beyond bodies and species. This “fluid identity” coincides with the whole, the imperceptible, that which we cannot see: what we don’t know that we ignore. This way we can let go off our anthropogenic past and enter the early SYMBIOCENE, a new conceptual representation of multi-species’ coexistence. (via @zzzzz_project)
The sheer size of the Textile, Clothing, Leather, and Footwear (TCLF) industry is impressive and even more, its role plaid in our daily lives: besides providing cover and useful items for the quotidian, garment and textiles TCLF industry plays a vital role in culture, art and has an incredible impact on social subjects helping define who they are and aspire to be. Today, the TCLF industry is at a crossroads The problems to be solved are complex, systemic and of great consequence. From an ecological perspective, the textile industry is considered as one of the most polluting industries in the world due to use of harmful chemicals, high consumption of water and energy, generation of large quantities of solid and gaseous wastes, huge fuel consumption for transportation and use of non-biodegradable packaging materials (Choudhury, 2014; (https://www.eea.europa.eu/themes/waste/resource-efficiency/textiles-in-europe-s-circular-economy). TCLF is the fourth-worst ranked pressure category for use of primary raw materials and water (after food, housing and transport). Most of the pressures and impacts related to the consumption of Textile, Clothing, Leather, and Footwear in Europe occur in other regions of the world, where the majority of production takes place. This is the case for 85 % of the primary raw materials use, 92 % of the water use, 93 % of the land use and 76 % of the greenhouse gas emissions. Another major environmental challenge relates to the end of the product life-cycle. Textile waste is a huge problem around the globe. The majority of textile waste still ends up being incineration or landfilled. Large amounts of used post-consumer clothing are exported from developed countries to developing countries, for example, from Europe to Africa. That creates a challenge for local textile production, which is not able to compete with the imported used textiles. That also shifts the textile waste problem from the developed countries to developing countries, adding to their environmental and waste challenges. In March 2016, the governments of the East African Community, which includes Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi, proposed a ban on imports of second-hand clothes to their regional trade bloc. While there are many traders earning a living through the sale of these donations, the governments proposing this ban argue that they will be able to create better jobs within the textile industry, more than offsetting any economic loss faced by the traders. Reducing the environmental and climate pressures and impacts from textiles production and consumption — while maintaining economic and social benefits — is at our rich but it will need a systemic deep game-change, rethinking the way TCLF industry produces and consumes. Three key driving forces must be considered_ 1. The TCLF industry must jump into the sustainable bio-economy era, which is by definition circular, circularity applied to a fossil-based production model is not the way forward; 2. Investment in research and process technology innovation based on the most advanced outreaches in environmental and industrial biotechnologies and primarily novel enzyme 3. team up with the major developing and emerging economies which are an integral part of the value chain. This is what the BioCRES project aims to do. BioCRES is a project designed by 21 European Research labs and businesses, localised in 9 European countries (Italy, Greece, Portugal, Romania, Turkey), within the framework of the programme “European Green Deal for the European Union (EU)” (100 billion euros to be spent in the next 10 years) articulated in 11 topics. BioCRES proposes to carry out an exemplary and highly transferable systemic action through the integrated use of environmental and industrial biotechnologies, ICT (IA, IoT, Digital advanced communication), and Design as powerful drivers for new sustainable industrial ecosystems and fast job creation. BioCRES proposes to transform natural resource waste into entirely new bio-based products for the textile, packaging and nutraceutical markets destinated to new generation consumers in a virtuous loop with the social development of the communities. The project endeavours to achieve this goal through the installation of a novel flexible small-scale biorefinery (combining enzyme with mild thermomechanical technologies) in 5 pilot European rural areas (in Italy, Greece, Portugal, Romania and Turkey ) as the driver of front-run innovation in circular bio-economy models with multiple effects on cross-connected industries (textile, speciality paper & packaging, nutraceutical industry ecosystems). In particular, the multipurpose modular bio-refinery technology GINEXTRA®, which is already a European Registered Brand (EUIPO Registration Number 018019052), will enable integral and innovative fractionation process to produce good-quality cellulose, lignin and hemicellulose for established or newly emerging market applications. The BioCREs project will install small biorefineries in the pilot territories to process plants and lignocellulosic waste deriving from the maintenance of natural ecosystems, fibre crops’ cultivation, and spontaneous vegetation. Local business ecosystems (bio-clusters) will emerge around the small-scale GINEXTRA® biorefineries. Such ecosystems will adhere to a social principle of sustainability which binds together aware citizenship, community identity and landscape preservation with a vibrant and fast-growing new circular bio-economy based industry. (via @@liliainfelise)
How can we design cities and buildings capable of overcoming and adapting to shocks such as climate change, financial or health crises? During the Quarantine the boundaries of our homes have become a real Margin of physical separation and distancing from the external space and from our beloved ones. A micro-world where we have been forced to live in, we took care of them like never before. While the interior of our homes became a “labyrinth of the mind”, every opening, even if small, acquired an important role. Balconies, terraces, “ballatoi” have been once again the place for socializing with neighbors. Ever since the virus appeared in our lives we found ourselves living within the walls of our home for months. These walls were the skin that protected but also separated us from the external word. Beyond any technological device that we can use to keep relationships with our loved ones alive, I believe that we, as architects, could adopt new tools to investigate the definition of the house identity and the needs of its inhabitants to formulate a new “existenzminimum”. We should conceive the design not only in its functional, aesthetic and ergonomic aspects, but opening our discipline to a comparison and collaboration with other subjects (philosophy, medicine, psychologist). It is time to activate a reflection that contrasts the static nature of residential typological design of recent years with other values, other lines of meaning that, if deepened, can create new opportunities for development and also outline the writing of new housing standards. (via @@nonamestudio_srl)
Let’s compare the city to a dissipative structure, an open system that works by exchanging energy, matter and entropy with the environment, in a state far from equilibrium. Dissipative systems are characterized by the spontaneous formation of ordered and complex structures, sometimes chaotic. These systems, when crossed by increasing flows of energy, matter and information, can also evolve and, passing through phases of instability, increase the complexity of their structure, their own order, by decreasing their entropy. And this is where we are now. Pandemic just accelerated the ongoing process reshaping the economical/political/social/private conditions reflected in our cities. With the lack of resources of the old model a fragmented reality emerged, led by complex factors mostly generated by the strive for a new sustainable way of living; the expansion of the city within its boundaries; new fluxes of people and energy thriving multicultural realities, if not digital ones, defining the city as a platform for different approaches and possibilities. The city is growing, structurally and substantially, embracing this energy generated by the entropy all these factors contribute to intensify, knowing that the only possible future is the creation of an open, various, multifaceted system. A constellation of fragments bound together by a common feel. "The creation of order is paid with the creation of disorder. The growth of disorder measured with the production of entropy is no longer univocally destruction of order. Under certain conditions it is also a source of order of a new type, of an activity that transforms the multitude of constitutive elements in a system of a coherent totality” (Ilya Prigogine). (via @clarettt)
The First Wave of change— the agricultural revolution—took thousands of years to play itself out. The Second Wave—the rise of industrial civilization—took a mere three hundred years. Today history is even more accelerative, and it is likely that the Third Wave will sweep across history and complete itself in a few decades. We, who happen to share the planet at this explosive moment, will therefore feel the full impact of the Third Wave in our own lifetimes. Tearing our families apart, rocking our economy, paralyzing our political systems, shattering our values, the Third Wave affects everyone. It challenges all the old power relationships, the privileges and prerogatives of the endangered elites of today, and provides the backdrop against, which the key power struggles of tomorrow will be fought. Much in this emerging civilization contradicts the old traditional industrial civilization. It is, at one and the same time, highly technological and anti-industrial. As society moves toward the Post-Industrial Age, so will the number of pure consumers decline. They will be replaced by "prosumers," people who produce some of the goods and services entering their own consumption. They can be found making their own clothes, cooking their own food, rearing their own cars, and hanging their own wallpaper. When people produce for use, production and consumption are united in the same person. (Alvin Toffler//The Third Wave, The Association For Consumer Research) (via @Rayonvert.International)
Beekeepers, also known as honey farmers or apiarists, maintain bee colonies in order to collect their honey and other products that the hive produce – beeswax, propolis, flower pollen, bee pollen, and royal jelly… – while the bees are free to forage or leave as they desire. As they operate in the unstable realm of plants, flowers, seeds and wild gardens, beekeepers put forward a powerful example of urban coexistence. «Bees have a completely different view of the world. The environment around us is much more than how we perceive it. (...) The city can be crossed in myriad of ways… many more than the ones we are used to. Beers can fly, of course,  and they are confronted with all sorts of obstacles we never think about.» Cristina Palmieri, beekeeper 1. Beekeepers often wear protective clothing to protect themselves from stings 2. Photographic reconstruction of how bee vision would see a flower, which appears yellow to human eyes (via @2050.plus)
What if we started to think about Milan as an urban forest, with a skyline punctuated by as many roofs as treetops, and with non-domesticated areas to accomodate for other-than-human species? • Arborists and tree climbers navigate the city moving among tree tops, suggesting a non invasive, regenerative way of preserving the territory and coming closer to other living beings. • «Our great advantage is the ability to work from the heart of the tree. The climber is able to touch and observe every part of the plant. (...) I unconsciously mix disciplines, before discovering tree climbing I did capoeira for many years. I never did rock climbing...» Valentina Cerroni, tree climber • «We are the only ones who climb on living beings. Trees are in movement, they evolve.» René Comin, Arrampicare gli Alberi (2013) (via @2050.plus)
Schizophonia is a term coined by R. Murray Schafer to describe the splitting of an original sound and its electroacoustic reproduction. Whilst flourishing in the context of musical production, the term is recently observed in the modern culture of gaming. Over-exposure of gamers to acoustic stimuli for prolonged periods could result in acoustic de-calibration that can limit their ability to distinguish original and electroacoustic reproductions in the physical world. [Schafer, R. Murray (1969). The New Soundscape: a handbook for the modern music teacher.] On the other hand, an article published by BBC explains how gaming platforms are used to calm schizophrenic patients. Researchers from King’s College London say “People with schizophrenia can be trained by playing a video game to control the part of the brain linked to verbal hallucinations”. This initiative involves patients that do not respond to medication, with the ambition to train them, in time, with techniques that reduce the effect of hallucinations. [BBC, (Feb 2018). Schizophrenia patients calmed by video game, article] The question is imposed on future patterns of health conditions or treatments but also the role of the hospital and the internet cafe within the cities. Are gaming arenas the therapeutic sanctuaries of the future? (via @kyriacos_christofides)
In Milan, the overall size of the public space reaches 21.000 km². 90% of this is occupied by parks and gardens (Systematica, July 2020) – a figure that indicates how access to green infrastructure in Milan is lower than the European average. At the same time, around 1.300 km² of the city of Milan is occupied by disused rail yards, located mainly along the urban belt surrounding the city walls, often in densely built environments (Mussinelli & Marchegiani, 2012). One of the tactics to compensate for the lack of green zones in the city is to expand the traditional definitions of green public spaces. Can abandoned rail yards, industrial plants, parking lots, courtyards, roofs, etc. be at the forefront of the city’s environmental regeneration? How can the potential of these unexplored urban areas be unleashed? Could they become hubs of a new way to understand the complex entanglements between human and other-than-human species? 1.isola pepe verde, Milano. @piercarloquecchia (via @2050.plus)
In light of the increased digitalisation of our lives brought forth by the current COVID-19 crisis, the future of retail has become a pressing matter in the fashion industry. As online shopping becomes the norm (both due to the pandemic and changing consumer patterns) the number of permanent store closures is predicted to continue rising even in the post-pandemic world. While the impact of this ’digital sprint’ is undeniable, it seems quite unlikely that it will lead to the complete death of the physical retail space. However, it could lead to a radical rethinking of the purpose of the store as we know it. As consumers become more and more accustomed to the comfort and practicality of online shopping, could stores be branded as discovery zones and tasked with creating emotional connections with customers? Will there be products in the store of the future? Will it even be a store? Or will brand lose their permanent addresses and replace them with seasonal events, pop-ups and experiences tailored to their communities? Where do we go from here? (via @@iratassouli)
Pigeon whistles (known in China as geling 鸽铃 or geshao 鸽哨) are whistles that are tied on the tails of pigeons so that when they fly, the air that flows through the whistle creates "a symphony in the sky." • Over the last several centuries, up until the 50s, Beijing residents have liked to raise pigeons and let them soar through the skies every day. • "[When] the birds fly the wind blowing through the whistles sets them vibrating, and thus produces an open-air concert, for the instruments in one and the same flock are all tuned differently. On a serene day in Peking, where these instruments are manufactured with great cleverness and ingenuity, it is possible to enjoy this aerial music while sitting in one’s room." Berthold Laufer, 1908 • Love to see how sound can mediate the relation between human and aviary bodies. And would love to see whistled pigeons flying over Milan. (via @eri.pet)
In modern times, academic institutions, either for lack of bravery or awareness, seem to have lost sight of their basic function. Assuming the human being is a "container" to fill with information, modern education's primary aim is to transfer technical know-how to produce "highly skilled" individuals who can fit the capitalistic machine. In such a scenario, every form of knowledge that is not directly quantifiable and measurable seems to lose its value. While in the academic space prevails the aimless application of protocols that reduces the educational path to pre-fixed goals based on a binary reward/punishment model, what is the real essence of modern education in the age of metric fixation? (via @francescodaprile)
Communities of street dancers, skaters, and riders are among the protagonists of Milan’s recent urban renewal, based on multiculturalism and inclusiveness. What can we learn from a generation that juggles within the fuzzy boundaries of diverse cultural belongings? «Sometimes I take longer routes just to enjoy beautiful views of Milan. Riding keeps me fit and it doesn’t feel like I’m working.» Tim N’Guessan, food delivery rider «We train on the streets, in the subways, where dancing is free. It’s an urban dance, which really shouldn’t be, but we made it urban here.» Macha Caporal, street dancer 1. @tommasopizzolato and @joyawosika skating in Piazza Duca d'Aosta, Milan 2. A group of street-dancers practices in Passante Ferroviario, Milan 3. Tim N’Guessan, a food delivery rider, cycles across Milan (via @2050.PLUS)
[...]. Taking care of your space is not a nerd thing but something that gives you honour and merit. Not only is it an evolution; I believe it is the completion of the original spirit, the basis for growing the sense of community. D. Martinazzo (via @massimotnn)
As of 2019, some 277,773 foreign residents lived in the municipality of Milan, representing 19.9% of the total resident population (source: RSY Lombardia). These figures suggest that the foreign population has more than doubled in the last 15 years, with most foreign individuals coming from the Philippines, Egypt, and China. This has radically transformed the social fabrics of the city, contributing to create new opportunities for cultural hybridization, diversifying the labour-scape, while at the same time exposing those that are most vulnerable. The result is a schizophrenic scenario, in which Milan attracts the country’s largest number of foreign unqualified manual labourers, as well as the highest percentage of non-European workers with managerial or intellectual positions. Can urban public spaces support the redefinition of cultural identities, and create a more balanced division of labour? (via @2050.plus)
The Case against the end of the In his book “Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress”– Bill Gates’ favourite book -, Steven Pinker argues that, although metaphors may be a very seductive rhetorical device, they are often inappropriately used as a tool to evaluate the state of humanity. That’s exactly what happens when we say that inequality is a form of violence. We’re using a metaphor. Whereas inequality is not “really” a form of violence. Neither is internet trolling. Nor pollution. Or poverty. And consumerism. And so on. According to the author, our times are somehow marked by a kind of bias against both present and future. Its name is progressophobia. If we take progressophobia to its very extreme, we reach the idea of the end of the world. But we also know there’s nothing older than the idea that the world will end. We've playing hide-and-seek with the end since centuries. Since the beginning. That's why there's no need to fear internet trolling. Nor pollution. Nor Poverty. Consumerism. Inequality. Divorce. It's no time for declinism. Let's come to a new awareness, stay woke: fear metaphors. (via @firing.line)
The art and culture scenes as an industry that heavily relied on events became crippled all over the globe shortly after the lockdown act was enforced by governments to curb the pandemic. Supermarkets and its relational supply chains were thriving amidst the crisis when the art workers had to upload their works to the incentive-less social media platforms to survive. This situation posed two realities defined by two conditions. One that is judged by the statecraft and another is its resiliency to survive in a crisis that is coupled with the complexities of the market economy. The failure of the arts now was resulted by an ageing system that needed to be revised so that it could ensure all art workers can sustain. On the other hand, the crisis has revealed that supermarkets and its network of supply chains still play an essential role as part of societal caretakers. In another ideal world, the multinational supply chains could be partnering with art institutions to provide a multichannel canvas for the art workers. The essentiality of arts as our part of the daily lives and the statecrafts could only be achieved via both bottom-up and top-down integration. Just For (X) Architecture seeks to rethink their roles as the partner caretakers for the arts and humanities. (via @jfxa.co)
Sometimes I think there is no need to intervene with my opinion in discussions on social media. I believe the speeches culminate in a seamless saturation of content. Yet talking about this drama of mine would be useful both to me and to others who for my own reasons or for different causes do not dare to intervene. Will I dare? (via @viperavu)
Geoengineering could be the only way to reduce our current rate of global warming, but technology, ideology and the potential for unintended consequences make it a highly contentious area. Grace Richardson Banks takes a look at historic attempts to alter the climate and finds a field that is all too easy to exploit, check the link! (via @dam.no)
Most often defined as political or legal constructs, fantasies which may follow a line drawn by nature; boundaries and walls - borders. Nature being the most natural border which only acts as a barrier due to no intention of nature itself, sometimes used by humankind to create political and racial fictions - often pinning human against human, with the natural world as collateral damage. A few moments where humankind’s intention to overcome nature leads to a momentary barrier, a fiction. Unfinished and temporary in both seasonal and geologic time scales. Working within nature's permanence to impose unnatural constructs. (via @danijellosic)
The modern man seems to have detached from his own identity a while ago. As the internet opened up a world where identities are produced on demand, the human being trapped himself in a Shakespearian dichotomic loop: to be or not to be? But also to feel or not to feel, to think or not to think. To post or not to post. We constantly seek for attention and Covid-19 accelerated this process. With the collapse of our work, life and leisure space all in the same place (namely the cyberspace), our online presence became unavoidable. We are left hanging among two worlds, a "real" and a "digital" one, as if we were in a perpetual diachronic split. With fragments of our identity now simultaneously co-existing among two very different realities, we abandoned singularity to embrace the plurality of the self. Approaching this new reality, we gave up on instant-gratification to pursue self-awareness. Staring at the broken mirror, we saw our own reflection and asked ourself: What's the value of the identity in a post-internet society? (via @francescodaprile)
la milano invasa da nessuno (via @bnctrbss)
In the rapidly changing morphology of Milan, professional climbers move on the urban walls of towers and skyscrapers. Equipped only with a rope and harness, they clean the windows of office and apartment buildings, operating in spots that cannot be reached by any other means. At those extraordinary heights, their perspective on Milan is unique, and the city becomes their training ground. •

«We know where all the hawks’ nests are. On Allianz, Unicredit and Pirellone. They cannot be touched. Nature is nature.» Dimitar Harizanov, building climber

«Up from there, above 150m, you can see the smog line, you can see two horizons, one below and one above.» Teo Poggi, building climber

1: Teo Poggi descending Unicredit tower, Milan. 2: Snapshot of the nest of two Peregrine falcons living on Pirellone tower, Milan. 3: Collage by 2050+. Climbing routes are overlaid on Milan’s skyline. The Diamantone building is known to be the hardest to climb.

(via @2050.plus)
Our concept of technological progress is biased towards time-saving, skill-intensive and capital-demanding means of production. As a result, humans are now living in a world devoided by time and filled with inequality. Economists, scientists and policy makers should invert this trend, restoring the natural dimension of time and pursuing collective prosperity.
Facts (via @dam.no)
The 300 million people living with a rare disease around the world and their families face common challenges in their daily lives. As a vulnerable and neglected population, they face social isolation. There are over 6000 rare diseases that are chronic, progressive, degenerative, disabling, and frequently life-threatening. Due to the rarity of each individual disease and scattered populations, expertise and information are scarce. In health systems designed for common diseases, patients face inequities in accessing diagnosis, care, and treatments. *What equity means for people living with a rare disease?* Equity in practice means meeting people’s specific needs and eliminating barriers preventing their full participation in society. For people living with a rare disease equity means social opportunity, equitable access to health and social care, diagnosis and treatment. As a long-term goal, we shall call for action for people living with a rare disease to have equal opportunities to realize their potential for participation in family, work, and social life. *** HOW? *** 1. Advocating for the social inclusion of people living with a rare disease 2. Including rare diseases in universal health coverage to leave no one behind *What can we all do to advocate for equity starting February 28, 2021 (International Rare Disease Day)?* • Write a letter to a key decision-maker in our community to highlight the importance of addressing the needs of people with a rare disease and share information with them. • Invite a decision-maker to attend Rare Disease Day events. • Hold a Rare Disease Day event that highlights a key local or national policy issue for the rare disease community. • Use media attention on Rare Disease Day to launch a new initiative for the rare disease community. (via @@ncclsclf)
Hyperconsumerism tears a hole in this planet. My biggest drive in design is change, especially from an environmental standpoint. I can`t agree on working for a company that is further a part of the problem and not willing to change its perspective. The possibility to design loud, recognizable products with a certain attitude and also aknowledging vegan or sustainbable materials with a humanitarian approach made me super excited about the new generation of designers, brands and work environments that are well aware that change needs to happend and that the aesthetic of that doesn`t have to be subordinate to the current. We need to learn how to approach these challenges. I could not agree more with rombauts manifest about an optimistic future with an experimental drive and certain values at it’s core. (via @jonathanpohlco)
A welcoming space for people to rejuvenate and co-imagine the world together. (via @https://www.instagram.com/ric.hi/)
*** (via @falleronibertony)
The current climate crisis coming from the increasing warmth of the planet is technically characterised by an unprecedented amount of carbon in the air (Buis, 2020). This process is due to a particular land use change -from vegetated land cover to built up land cover-, through which carbon is being lost from the ground to the atmosphere more quickly over time (Wu et al., 2020). The Hadley cell -a large-scale atmospheric convection cell in which warm air rises at the equator and sinks at medium latitudes in both hemispheres- defines tropical climate regions and is one of the major and global engines moving air around the planet. With the rapid increasing warmth of the planet and melting of ice, an increasing volume of water bodies is however shifting evaporation rates and patterns, changing the global moisture circulation patterns in a process coined as the Expansion of Hadley Cells (Hu et al., 2018). As a consequence, extratropical storms and higher winds are expected in typical ‘non tropical’ - mid latitude areas (Catto et al., 2019). The implications of these atmospheric shifts are landing in subtropical urbanised coasts such as the Liguria and lombardy and Veneto region in Italy, where profound changes in the global climate system are being reported (Iannaccone and Valesini, 2015). Design is here used to investigate processes of change and shed light in complex socio-ecological dynamics. In this sense the city of Milan finds itself in a hotspot of climatic changes and is regarded to a special laboratory for the investigation of new possible tropical environments. (via @Black_earth_2100 )
As seen at Roppongi Hills, Tokyo c/o FUTURE AND THE ARTS exibith (via @chiamureeves)
If you are sitting down while reading this book you are probably in a western country (consisting of about 2.4 billion people). However, if instead you are crossing your legs or squatting down, you likely reside in the eastern part of the world (of around 4.4 billion people). This observation communicates that human attitudes, behaviours and perceptions are shaped by their cultural surroundings, as they are deeply embedded in all aspects of human life. This especially includes objects and the way they are used in context. It’s arguable that a chair is one of the objects with a greater connection to humankind, not just ergonomically (how a chair would be if your knees bent in the opposite direction?) but also socially (do chairs define social class?). For example, its use for essential activities, such as resting, eating or communal reunions poses the question—Why is more than half of the planet sitting on the floor? If we assume that the first chair was a rock, we can analyze the evolution of the human race as it parallels the development of the chair and its use (perhaps even an AI-powered wifi connected monobloc chair), which in turn, follows the culture and not only function. The reasons for the distinction between sitting-floor and chair-sitting are not exactly proved, but the practical importance can be easily recognized within the cultural aspects that influence these two ways of sitting. The use of chairs, for example, is interconnected to the use of tables, wardrobes, side-cabinets, etc... In contrast, as the author Witold Rybczynski stated, if you sit on floor mats, you probably remove your shoes before entering the home. The individual is more likely to wear sandals or shoes without laces or loose pants to allow squatting. Furthermore, since the floor is intended to be a clean surface, sleep occurs on the “tatami” instead of standard beds, and tables are close to the ground. In India, the chair-sitting culture was introduced at the beginning of the 1800s with English colonization, but currently, the majority of people still cook, eat and work while sitting on the floor. The context of an object is what defines its use, and if there are many types of chairs, it is because there are many types of people using them. (via @@crossculturalchairs)
Protecting an ego will cost you everything and leave you with nothing. (via @@sofiblacker)
in every area of the exsistence (via @@doriandiego)

As of January 19th, Milan was one of the most polluted cities in the world, alongside Dhaka, Kabul, Delhi, Warsaw, and Chengdu (source: @iqair). This unfortunate record is partially due to Milan’s geographical conformation and meteorological conditions, partially to the high density of industrial plants and car traffic.

Air pollution poses a major threat to natural and cultural ecosystems, it compromises biodiversity and makes open-air spaces less accessible. How does this affect the way we live in the city and the way we experience movement out there?

(via @2050.plus)